Will we make social (or peer-to-peer) learning worse by creating incentives for community managers and members that are based exclusively on activity targets such as the following?
- number of downloads, views and hits
- average ratings
- number of contributions (or uploads)
There is a systematic relationship among purpose, methods, and measures. Imposing only activity targets (or measures) into the social learning ecosystem will create a de-facto purpose and constrain the methods of learning. Such contingent metrics (i.e., if you do this you will get that) will shift the focus from the higher purpose of social learning (i.e., how do I do learn more and perform better and help others to learn more and perform better?) to surpassing previously achieved activity metrics (i.e., how do I survive in a social learning system?).
An obsession on activity targets will always increase costs and create more waste. Such a focus is detrimental to content quality, community motivation, and community attitudes. The community will focus on the incentives from achieving activity targets (or the rewards) rather than on improving how they learn, collaborate, and network.
Imposed activity targets will manipulate and often destroy collaboration, blindly promote a single and arbitrary purpose, deter risk taking, and reduce creativity.
A better approach is to derive targets from the purpose of the “learning ecosystem” according to the point of view of community managers and members. Put the targets (or measures) in the hands of the people managing and participating in the learning ecosystem and you will see increased creativity and innovation, and a step change in the level of success.
Remember to also think about how to intrinsically motivate the community. Permit community autonomy, create a shared sense of community purpose, and create confidence in the role of the community towards helping people to achieve mastery and success.
I recently viewed a recorded lecture from John Seddon that has greatly influenced my thinking about the role of activity targets in a social learning ecosystem. The lecture is one hour in duration and it is focused on the organizational system rather than on a social learning system. I believe many of John’s observations and findings relate to the social learning ecosystem and I encourage you to view his video.